Israel and Humanity
Israel and Humanity
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- Opening Pages
- Foreword by Alfred M. Levy, Chief Rabbi of France
- Preface by Hyacinth Loyson
- Author's Note
CHAPTER I. THE IDEA OF GOD IN ISRAEL: THE ONE GOD.
- Hebrews and Egyptians
- Spirituality and personality of God in Hebrew tradition
- Monotheism Semitic and Aryan trends
- The theory of emanation and Judaism
- Influence of proselytes in Israel
- Israel and the mysteries of paganism
CHAPTER II. THE IDEA OF GOD IN ISRAEL: THE UNIQUE GOD
- Attributes of God
- God created the world and humanity
- Monotheism in the Bible
- The Tetragrammaton and the unity of God
CHAPTER III. THE IDEA OF GOD IN ISRAEL: THE UNIVERSAL GOD
- The Creator in the Bible
- Traces of the knowledge of God among the Gentiles
- Biblical Universalism
- Universalism among rabbis
- Question of original monotheism
- The God in the universal myths and initiations
- Other traces of monotheism in ancient pagan traditions
CHAPTER IV. THE IDEA OF GOD IN ISRAEL: THE GOD'S PROVIDENCE
- The universal empire of God
- The Universal Providence
- The righteousness of God in the concept of Providence
- Divine Providence in the government of nations
CHAPTER V. ANCIENT MOSAIC MONOTHEISM: THE GOD OF GODS
- The Mosaic monotheism and criticism
- Grammatical and theological study of the title Elohe ha Elohim
- The assimilation theory
- Theory of divine attributes and cosmic forces
CHAPTER VI. ANCIENT MOSAIC MONOTHEISM: THE DIVINE NAMES
- El Elyon, the Most High God
- Study the word Elohim
- Multiplicity of Divine names
CHAPTER VII. ANCIENT MOSAIC MONOTHEISM: GOD AND THE GODS
- Comparisons between the biblical God of Israel and the pagan gods
- Israelite Idolatry
- The ritual of the scapegoat and the Kabbalah
- Religious borrowing from the Jews by pagans
- Vanity of pagan gods from the biblical concept
CHAPTER VIII. THE IDEA OF GOD IN THE NATIONAL JUDAISM.
- What is meant by the title God of Israel
- Incompatibility of the idea of a national God with the Jewish conception
- Particularism and universalism
CHAPTER IX. THE IDEA OF THE GUARDIAN ANGELS IN JEWISH MONOTHEISM
- Astrolatry and angelology
- An examination of some texts establishing the doctrine of the Pentateuch
- An examination of some texts establishing the doctrine Isaiah and Daniel
- The "sar" guardian angel of Israel
- Philosophy of angelology in Hebrew tradition
- Derivation of polytheism from monotheism
CHAPTER I. THE IDEA OF MAN IN JUDAISM: ORIGIN OF HUMANITY.
- The original unity from the Bible and the Rabbis
- The original unity and the election of Israel
- Predestination and the question of the identity of nature
- Doctrine of the Kabbalah on the original unity
- Superiority of Biblical traditions over the pagan legends
CHAPTER II. THE IDEA OF MAN IN JUDAISM: DIGNITY OF MAN.
- The man in God's image and miniture of the universe
- The man regarded as the temple of God
- Nobility of the human body
- Human freedom
- Of the perfectibility of man and his vocation as an imitation of God
- The immortality of the soul in its relationship to human dignity
CHAPTER III. THE IDEA OF MAN IN JUDAISM: JEWISH CONCEPT OF PROGRESS.
- Biblical and rabbinic Testimonials
- Intellectual and religious progress
- Rabbinic ideas on human progress compared to the immutability angelic
- Messianic Hopes and modern criticism
- The idea for progress in religion from Judaism
- Progress in the establishment.
- Progress in the creation
CHAPTER IV. THE IDEA OF MAN IN JUDAISM: HUMAN COOPERATION WITH GOD.
- Dominion of man over nature
- Man termed as pontiff and the creation
- Philosophy as the doctrine of human cooperation
- The doctrine of human cooperation and Scripture
- Doctrines rabbinical and pagan ideas.
- The creative man
- The idea of human influence in modern philosophy
CHAPTER V. THE IDEA OF NATIONALITY IN JUDAISM.
- Economic moral rights
- Universal social consciousness
- International Law in Judaism
- The human family
- The brotherhood of peoples
CHAPTER VI. ORGANIZATION OF THE HUMAN SOCIETY.
- Israel's Role in the family of nations
- Reports from Israel with the Gentiles
- The law of human organization
- The value of philosophical doctrine in Judaism
CHAPTER VII. UNIVERSAL CHARACTER OF THE LAW IN HEBRAISM.
- The testimony of Philo
- The call of Abraham.
- Jewish proselytism
- Revelations divide among Gentiles
CHAPTER I. THE TWO ASPECTS OF THE UNIVERSAL LAW: MOSAISM AND NOAHISM.
- Status of Gentiles vis-à-vis the Mosaic tradition
- The Din, elements of religion of Israel
- Ethnicity and local Mosaic tradition
- Attitude of Jews against Gentiles
- The Mosaic worship obligatory for Gentile
CHAPTER II. THE TWO ASPECTS OF THE UNIVERSAL LAW: LEGAL STATUS OF NOACHIDE
- The good pagan
- The Sabbath Noachides.
- The worshipers of God
- The Israel Catholicism
- The controversy between R. Eliezer and R. Jehoshua
- The Judaism and the religion of the future
CHAPTER IIII. THE TWO ASPECTS OF THE UNIVERSAL LAW: REPORTS AND WORSHIP CENTER OF TWO.
- Israel and the plurality of religions
- The idea of universal religion of the Romans
- Choice of Jerusalem as the world's religious center
- Jerusalem and patriarchal history and mosaic.
- Jerusalem location in the Israelite conception
CHAPTER IV. RELIGION IN THE UNIVERSAL WORSHIP MOSAIC.
- Symbolism of the Temple in Jerusalem
- Role of Gentiles in the construction of the Tabernacle and the two Temples
- Layout of the Temple
- The sacrifices of the Gentiles
- Participation of the Gentiles to the worship of the Temple
- The propitiatory sacrifice for the Gentile
CHAPTER V. RELIGION IN THE UNIVERSAL REVELATION MOSAIC.
- Rabbinic ideas on the revelation at Sinai
- The borders of Israel
- The translation of the Law
- Revelation and Gentiles
- The Many Aspects of God's law
CHAPTER VI. THE UNIVERSAL RELIGION IN THE CONSTITUTION OF THE TWO CONVERTS IN JUDAISM.
- The Gher Toshav from Scripture and tradition
- The proselytes of justice
- The proselyte, as the door
- Status and admission of a proselyte of the gate in the Jewish Society
- Pagans in Palestine.
- Beauty morality of Judaism
CIIAPITRE VII. THE UNIVERSAL RELIGION IN THE DOCTRINE OF JUDAISM: THE NOACHIDE LAW.
- Unity and Diversity
- The supernatural element in the religion of Israel
- Noachides and proselytes at the gate
- The domination and the conversion of pagans
- Content of Noachism
- Noachism of legal Laws
CRAPITRE VIII. REPORTS OF THE RELIGION AND THE STATE AFTER THE ORGANIZATION OF JUDAISM,
- The Theocracy in Israel
- Priesthood, prophesy and royalty
- Design and the Jewish priesthood among the Gentiles
- The idea of sovereignty in Israel
- The Ideal and Reality in Politics
- Jewish conception of social life
CHAPTER IX. THE UNIVERSAL PRECEPTS OF NOACHISM.
- The Seven Commandments
- Prohibition of polytheism.
- The prayers and sacrifices
- The Homicide.
- The marriage laws.
- The commandment against theft
- The dietary laws
- Report Judaism with the universal revelation of Noachism